Machine-Generated Colon Class Numbers: Automatic Classification of Indian Literary Works in the Wikidata Environment

Authors

  • Department of Library and Information Science, University of Kalyani, Kalyani – 741235, Nadia
  • Department of Library and Information Science, University of Kalyani, Kalyani – 741235, Nadia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17821/srels/2023/v60i3/171025

Keywords:

Automated Classification, Colon Classification, Faceted Classification, Linked Open Data (LOD), Indian Literature, Wikidata

Abstract

Wikidata is emerging rapidly as an omnipresent information space. The main objective of Wikidata is to create a structure to represent all human knowledge in many different languages. It is a free, Linked Open Dataset (LOD) that can interact with humans and machines and act as a bridge between them. Wikidata serves as a central repository for structured data of all other Wiki-based applications (like Wikipedia, Wikibooks, and Wikinews), integrating them into a coherent unit. It is a multilingual, collaboratively editable central repository of structured and linked open data. Interestingly, Wikidata is based on a facet-based linked open data approach like, the theory of facet analysis proposed by Ranganathan. The literary works available in Wikidata are linked with the author of the work, the language of the work, and other important attributes like genre, publication year, and so on. The author of the work has properties like, date of birth, occupation, native language, writing language, and so on. These faceted linked data elements of literary works can be joined together based on the rule base of the Colon Classification (6th edition). The synthesis of the Colon class number is therefore amenable to automation in the Wikidata environment by using a set of suitable JavaScripts (these JavaScripts are called gadgets in the Wikidata environment). One such gadget is CCLitBox, developed by Stefano Bargioni (a librarian) and Carlo Bianchini (a teacher in LIS). This research study explores the applications of CCLitBox in generating CC 6th edition-based class numbers for Indian literary works.

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References

Bianchini, C. and Bargioni, S. (2021). Automated clas-sification using linked open data: A case study on faceted classification and Wikidata. Cataloging and Classification Quarterly, 59(8), 835-852. https://doi.org /10.1080/01639374.2021.1977447

Chudamani, K. S. (2004). Classification model for libraries in the digital environment. In 2 nd International CALIBER; INFLIBNET; Ahmedabad. p. 487-490.

Markey, K. (2009). Forty years of classification online: Final chapter or future unlimited? Cataloguing and Classification Quarterly, 42, 3, 1-63.

Panigrahi, P, Prasad, A. R. D. and Basu, A. (2003). NLP based automatic classification system for analytico-synthetic scheme. SRELS Journal of Information Management, 40, 4, 289-312.

Ranganathan, S. R. (1963). Colon classification. Basic clas-sification. reprinted with amendments. Bombay: Asia Publishing House. p. 450.

Rao, K. S. and Gupta, U. (2011). Applied classification in web knowledge management. SRELS Journal of Information Management, 48, 1, 23-32.

Stefano Bargioni is the author of the scripts of the gadget, and they are available, in Wiki-data (https://www.wiki-data.org/wiki/User:Bargioni/CC_Lit_Box.jsand https:// www.wikidata.org/wiki/User:Bargioni/CC_Lit_Box_ conf.js) and are openly published in Zenodo (https:// zenodo.org/record/5090640)

Wikibase. Welcome to the Wikibase project. Available at: https://wikiba.se/

Wikidata. Colon Classification (P8248). Available at: https:// www.wikidata.org/wiki/Property:P8248

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Published

2023-07-01

How to Cite

Halder, D., & Biswas, M. (2023). Machine-Generated Colon Class Numbers: Automatic Classification of Indian Literary Works in the Wikidata Environment. Journal of Information and Knowledge, 60(3), 143–149. https://doi.org/10.17821/srels/2023/v60i3/171025

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Articles